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New (Well, Revamped) Language: TIEG'EW / GABWE

From:Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>
Date:Friday, November 10, 2000, 4:16
So, i have a character in my local Live Action Role Playing group.
And he's from a far exotic place in it's world.
What's there to do?
Why, invent a language for him, of course!  :-)


the standard dialect of Goblin adopted as an official language of the
short-lived Goblinoid-friendly nation of Tiere.


voiceless stops:     / p t k /
voiced stops:     / b d g /
flaps:     / 4 /
fricatives:     / h /
approximants:     / w j R /

/4/ = alveolar, written {r}
/R/ = velar, written {r'} (R-acute)
/j/ = written {y}

vowels:     / i u a E /

/E/ written {e}
Word-finally, after a VC pattern, /E/ drops.

Cross-Morpheme/Syllable Gemination Rules:

/ pp tt kk / become aspirated [ p<h> t<h> k<h> ]
in phonetic orhography, the aspirates are written like in IPA, with a
superscript {h}

/ bb dd gg / stay the same

/ ww yy RR / become fricatives [ v Z G ]
in phonetic orthography the fricatives are written { v z` g' }
(Z-grave ; G-acute)

/ 44 / becomes the trill [ r ]
the trill is written { r~ } (R-tilde) in phonetic orthography.

Possible Syllable Structures Are:

(R = glide, approximant, flap)
(C = any consonant, including G/A/Fs)

Examples of Words:

UR'  / uR / = my character's first name
KERT  / kE4t / = kill/die
TA  / ta / = arrive (also the future marker)

It has a very lopsided pronoun system:
(no case distinctions)

EK  / Ek /  = me
GUR'  / guR /  = exclusive we (me+them)
HIB  / hib /  = inclusive we (me+you)
TUY  / tuj /  = all-inclusive we (me+you+them)
YAW  / jaw /  = you (singular & plural)
DA  / da /  = them (singular & plural)

So far, Gabwe has no morphological way of marking plurals aside from the
various "we"s - i'll probably just use the modifier BAT /bat/ "many/much"
if there's a case where it's necessary to mark plurality, and HAD /had/
"one" for singularity.

There is no case in Gabwe - everything is done by a combination of
word-order and stress.
Roots used as Nouns and Modifiers (Adjective/Adverb) are capitalized and
stressed, while verbs are stressed but not capitalized in writing.  In
writing, unstressed pronouns (used in commands) are not capitalized.

Verbs can only use pronouns:
Attachment order is OVS.

pé-Dá = "they be"
Ék-kért = "i am killed"
Yáw-tíy-Gur' = "we(excl) see you"

In order to use a noun, it falls into a different word, either with or
without a "case"/role-marker.

Tárk-et Dá-kért-Ék = human-(obj) them-kill-me = "i kill (a) human(s)"
Gáb wáy-Dá = goblin help-them = "(a) goblin(s) help"

In-verb modifiers, marking truth-value and tense, go after the verb, and
are unstressed:

Dá-tíy-wad-ey-Yáw = them-see-leave-not-you = "you didn't see them leave"

wád (stressed) = verb "leave"
wad (unstressed) = modifier "past"
tá (stressed) = verb "arrive"
ta (unstressed) = modifier "future"
pét (stressed) = verb "pass"
pet (unstressed) = modifier "present-immediate"

The default tense is present, or present-routine.

Placing identical pronouns in Object and Subject positions, with the
Object unstressed, forms an imperative/jussive construction:

yaw-pé-Yáw = be!
da-kríy-Dá = let them want!

Stressing both identical pronouns make it reflexive:

Ék-tíy-Ék = i see myself

Modifiers go after their noun:

Tárk-Ér' = human-mountain = "mountain human"
Pwét-Déb = person-hurt = "enemy"
Pwét-et-Déb = person-(obj)-hurt = "hurt person"

-Stephen (Steg)
 "yaw-Yáw-réyd-Yáw, i yaw-háy-Yáw!"
 (raise yourself, and live!)     ~  my "Raise Dead" spell chant