|From:||Christophe Grandsire <christophe.grandsire@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, February 13, 2003, 12:32|
En réponse à Joe <joe@...>:> > Well, the Cassells one looks good, if a bit pricy. But I think dutch > pluralisation is quite easy. If it ends in a vowel and some > consonants(I've > forgotten which) it's '-s', and the rest are '-en', IIRC. >-s after e, r, n and optionally after l. -'s (with the apostrophe) after a, i, o and u. -en in any other case (and optionally after -l). Note that the -n in - en is usually silent (Dutch has a limited case of liaison with the n reappearing in front of a word beginning with a vowel). Most Dutch plurals are regular following this rule, even for words which have irregular plurals both in English and German (for instance, "man" has plural "mannen" - the doubling of the n is regular and only a matter of spelling -). So you get: bank -> banken, winnaar -> winnaars, auto -> auto's, actie -> acties, aardappel (potato) -> aardappels or aardappelen (not sure of the last spelling, but -ellen would make it pronounce [El@] in my opinion). Most spelling changes are just there because of the spelling rules of Dutch and are regular (example: taak (task) -> taken, because Dutch "long" vowels are indicated by a single vowel in open syllables and a double one in closed syllables. Man -> mannen is the opposite of this rule: a "short" vowel must always be written as a single vowel in a closed syllable, so double the consonant after it to make it look closed if necessary). Dutch has only a few irregular plurals, and they are nothing fancy. Mostly changes of stressed vowel, but the endings stay regular. For instance: lid (member) -> leden, stad (town) -> steden, and all nouns ending in -heid (the equivalent of English suffix -ness) make their plural in -heden. All in all, once you know the rules to add the endings and the spelling rules, you know the shape of 98% of the Dutch plurals. Christophe. http://rainbow.conlang.free.fr Take your life as a movie: do not let anybody else play the leading role.
|Herman Miller <hmiller@...>|