Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: Old Hebrew Emphatics Question

From:Muke Tever <mktvr@...>
Date:Wednesday, December 18, 2002, 0:01
From: "Dan Sulani" <dnsulani@...>
> First, let me say that I'm not certain of exactly what you mean > by the term "emphatic". If you mean a co-articulation that is > reputed to have existed in proto-Semitic ( I recall a book > on the development of Hebrew that set up certain > proto-Semitic consonants in triads: voiced, voiceless, and "emphatic" > [IIRC, "emphatic" involved the raising of a closed glottis; > but I don't claim to be a scholar of Semitic linguistics, so if I'm > wrong on the terminology, please correct me.] ), > then, IME, modern Israeli Hebrew has no such thing.
I think "emphatic" is just meant to be an overarching label for the different ways that the cognate "emphatic" consonants were realized (this may be misinformation). My book on Proto-Afroasiatic reconstructs them as ejectives originally and probably still so in Proto-Semitic.
> Finally, as I understand it, proto-Semitic also had "emphatic" > interdentals and "emphatic" dentals/alveolars, none of which exist > in moden spoken Hebrew. In fact, interdentals of any sort do not show > up in modern speech. |tav|, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, once > stood for, AFAIK, an interdental. Today it is pronounced exactly the same > as |tet| ( = [t] ).
FWIW, this is the PS consonant inventory my book lists: b D d z g G ?\ ? d. p T t ts s k x h T. t. s. k. h. l K m n r w j There's also notes that (at least for this author) *d. is [K\], the dotted consonants are ejectives, and the interdentals (T, T., D) are possibly palatalized dentals originally (their sources are PAA affricates such as [tS ts dz dZ] etc.) *Muke! --