Re: Old Hebrew Emphatics Question
|From:||Muke Tever <mktvr@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, December 18, 2002, 0:01|
From: "Dan Sulani" <dnsulani@...>
> First, let me say that I'm not certain of exactly what you mean
> by the term "emphatic". If you mean a co-articulation that is
> reputed to have existed in proto-Semitic ( I recall a book
> on the development of Hebrew that set up certain
> proto-Semitic consonants in triads: voiced, voiceless, and "emphatic"
> [IIRC, "emphatic" involved the raising of a closed glottis;
> but I don't claim to be a scholar of Semitic linguistics, so if I'm
> wrong on the terminology, please correct me.] ),
> then, IME, modern Israeli Hebrew has no such thing.
I think "emphatic" is just meant to be an overarching label for the different
ways that the cognate "emphatic" consonants were realized (this may be
My book on Proto-Afroasiatic reconstructs them as ejectives originally and
probably still so in Proto-Semitic.
> Finally, as I understand it, proto-Semitic also had "emphatic"
> interdentals and "emphatic" dentals/alveolars, none of which exist
> in moden spoken Hebrew. In fact, interdentals of any sort do not show
> up in modern speech. |tav|, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, once
> stood for, AFAIK, an interdental. Today it is pronounced exactly the same
> as |tet| ( = [t] ).
FWIW, this is the PS consonant inventory my book lists:
b D d z g G ?\ ?
p T t ts s k x h
T. t. s. k. h.
l K m n r w j
There's also notes that (at least for this author) *d. is [K\], the dotted
consonants are ejectives, and the interdentals (T, T., D) are possibly
palatalized dentals originally (their sources are PAA affricates such as [tS ts
dz dZ] etc.)