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Re: Deriving words that aren't too long

From:Gerald Koenig <jlk@...>
Date:Monday, November 16, 1998, 21:26
>From: Simon Kissane "<jilba@...>" >Subject: Deriving words that aren't too long > >Simple English words are mostly short, normally one or two syllables. >But English doesn't seem to derive these simple words from smaller >roots. My conlang does, more or less regularly, but its words seem so >long... > >For example, I have the root "chit" (gift), and by adding the endings >"il" and "a" I get the word "chitila" (to take). Is there any way I >could still have regular derivation, but keep the size of the words >down?... it makes a single English sentence 3 times as long translated. > >Simon.
Some strategies that I have used with my pronouns, tense particles, and verbs in Vector Time Tense for NGl are diphthongization, contractions, and infixes. Diphthongs are at least shorter to pronounce. Infixed tense can appear as a single syllable before the first vowel; the words are analogous to the "strong" verbs of English, ie the ones that change form such as sing sang sung. There are other ways to infix. Nik's point that derivational style must increase wordlength proved very true in NGl when trying to work with a limited vocabulary, the Ogden set. Jack Durst also developed a form of speech compression which I believe is on his website. It would allow complex derived forms yet keep them short. Gerald Koenig