Re: "About to" aspect
|From:||Raymond A. Brown <raybrown@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, November 12, 1998, 21:06|
At 2:18 pm -0800 11/11/98, JOEL MATTHEW PEARSON wrote:
>On Wed, 11 Nov 1998, Raymond A. Brown wrote:
>> The aspect is also called 'inchoative' - and not only by lojbanists. The
>> two terms 'inchoative' & 'inceptive' seem to be about equal in choice of
>> term for this aspect among linguists.
>As I understand them, inchoative and inceptive are not quite the same.
>Inchoative denotes a change of state ("becoming") whereas inceptive
>denotes the commencement of an activity ("beginning").
Yes, thank you. I agree that's certainly more in line with my own usage.
>Incidentally, both inchoative and inceptive are marked by the suffix
>"-oin" in Tokana. An inchoative form is produced by adding "-oin"
>to a verb denoting a state, while an inceptive form is producing
>by adding it to a verb denoting an activity or accomplishment:
> liuna "be old"
> liunoina "become old"
Yep - the Latin 'senescere' (to become old) is certainly what I learned
long years ago as an inchoative verb.
> uhna "sing"
> uhnoina "begin to sing"
....which, I guess, would simply be 'canere incipere' in Latin :)
>When attached to a verb denoting a punctual activity (like "arrive"),
>"-oin" has the flavour of "about to" in English:
> itskana "arrive"
> itskanoina "begin to arrive, be about to arrive"
> itskanoine "began to arrive, was about to arrive"
...begin to arrive, _be about to_ arrive.
Looks as though my 'gut instinct' to call the "about to" aspect 'inceptive'
was the better choice :)
Well - I won't throw away my reference book as it generally seems pretty
good - but in this respect I must say I'm very much inclined to agree with
Joel that there is a difference between the two terms.