Re: "About to" aspect
|From:||JOEL MATTHEW PEARSON <mpearson@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, November 11, 1998, 22:18|
On Wed, 11 Nov 1998, Raymond A. Brown wrote:
> The aspect is also called 'inchoative' - and not only by lojbanists. The
> two terms 'inchoative' & 'inceptive' seem to be about equal in choice of
> term for this aspect among linguists.
As I understand them, inchoative and inceptive are not quite the same.
Inchoative denotes a change of state ("becoming") whereas inceptive
denotes the commencement of an activity ("beginning").
Incidentally, both inchoative and inceptive are marked by the suffix
"-oin" in Tokana. An inchoative form is produced by adding "-oin"
to a verb denoting a state, while an inceptive form is producing
by adding it to a verb denoting an activity or accomplishment:
liuna "be old"
liunoina "become old"
uhnoina "begin to sing"
When attached to a verb denoting a punctual activity (like "arrive"),
"-oin" has the flavour of "about to" in English:
itskanoina "begin to arrive, be about to arrive"
itskanoine "began to arrive, was about to arrive"