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Re: "About to" aspect

From:JOEL MATTHEW PEARSON <mpearson@...>
Date:Wednesday, November 11, 1998, 22:18
On Wed, 11 Nov 1998, Raymond A. Brown wrote:

> The aspect is also called 'inchoative' - and not only by lojbanists. The > two terms 'inchoative' & 'inceptive' seem to be about equal in choice of > term for this aspect among linguists.
As I understand them, inchoative and inceptive are not quite the same. Inchoative denotes a change of state ("becoming") whereas inceptive denotes the commencement of an activity ("beginning"). Incidentally, both inchoative and inceptive are marked by the suffix "-oin" in Tokana. An inchoative form is produced by adding "-oin" to a verb denoting a state, while an inceptive form is producing by adding it to a verb denoting an activity or accomplishment: liuna "be old" liunoina "become old" uhna "sing" uhnoina "begin to sing" When attached to a verb denoting a punctual activity (like "arrive"), "-oin" has the flavour of "about to" in English: itskana "arrive" itskanoina "begin to arrive, be about to arrive" itskanoine "began to arrive, was about to arrive" Matt.