2nd email - Introducing Bakoyu: Language highlights
|From:||Heather Rice <florarroz@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, March 17, 2002, 23:44|
It finally has a name!!!!!! Bakoyu is what it is
called. Ba- as in Baa baa black sheep. -koyu
rhymes with the malaysian pronunciation of soya. From
"Bae" meaning speach, speaking, and "koyu" meaning
23 consonants b,p,v,f,th (as in THrough), z (sh), s,
g, k, ch (Quichua j or German baCH), d, t, j (as
in english Jack), c (english Chocolate), l, ll (Welsh,
I think) r (english) rr (Spanish) h, m, n, y (english
Yuck) and w (english Wagon).
5 long vowels, 4 short vowels, 5 diphthongs, and 3
timed vowels. Sorry, my vowels are marked by accents
marks and I couldnt show this in my babel text. Most
are long vowels anyway.
Notes: Z can never stand alone at the beginning of a
word. K changes to a glottal stop at the end of a
word = -q.
No articles, quantifiers and most adjectives before
the noun, extensive pronoun system of formal, general,
informal and honorific pronouns and their declensions.
Five declensions: spatial, temporal, causal,
attributive, manner. (This is one of the coolest parts
of my conlang) Prepositional phrases always headed by
a preposition, then head noun. Adverbs before verbs.
S O V*. Three basic tenses - past, present, future.
Ten moods: indicative, soft imperative, hard
imperative, friendly exclamatory, hostile exclamatory,
wish, entreaty, uncertainty, sorrow, irrealis. The
irrealis is used only in If-clauses. A very loose
rule that words can have no more than three syllables,
root verbs no more than one.
* A funny little note. When I first started this
conlang, I determined this sentecal order: SOV.
But often my subject is expressed as a pronoun
attached to the verb as a suffix. So now I am
noticing this trend - OVS. Ex. Lo bakoyu gra. I
write Bakoyu. turns into: Bakoyu gralo.
Another interesting aspect of Bakoyu: Hand verbs. I
got this idea from Cherokee. Instead of expressing
person and number by the pronouns (lo, mo, no, los,
mos, nos; 1ps, 2ps, 3ps, 1pp, 2pp, 3pp) I have a
system for a few select verbs (24) that expresses
Subject and INdirect object all in one affix.
Gra = write, regular verb Do = give, hand verb.
La gra I write
Tsido I give
La a no gra I write to him
Sido I give to him
La bakoyu a no gra I write bakoyu to him
Bakoyu sido I give bakoyu to him.
La no nu gra I write it to him.
Sidonu I give it to him.
Introducing Bakoyu continues. . . . .
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