Re: Infixing in interlinears
|From:||Mark P. Line <mark@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, August 18, 2004, 0:14|
Roger Mills said:
Yep. Google turns up a number of related articles as well (by Lehmann,
>> So assuming your example root 'fish' means "cumquat" in English, and
>> assuming that the -il- infix is left-peripheral, your example in Leipzig
>> glossing would be:
>> 'little cumquat'
>> If you needed to treat -il- as right-peripheral instead, you'd gloss it
> But if it were R-peripheral, wouldn't that imply that the infix form was
> **-li-? Given that both the infix vowel and the stem vowel happen to be
> the same in this case, it's open to debate. Any other ex. -- perhaps "dash
> ~?dilash or ?dalish" '(little) mango"-- would show which it is.
I thought these new-fangled math-head terms left-peripheral and
right-peripheral had to do with constituent order (which is rather fuzzy
in the case of infixes). (Rule of thumb: if the term is not used in either
the SIL glossary or in Payne, it's probably an artifact of somebody's
I would expect the form of the infix to co-evolve with the way in which it
patterns phonotactically with the root or stem. If it occurs between the
initial C and the following vowel in a predominantly CV language, I'd
expect the infix to be VC, for example.
> I have an on-going argument (in my head, that is) with some of my
> Indonesianist colleagues over this. In a certain group of languages,
> there's a nominalizing infix that works as follows:
> herun (vb.) > henerun (n.) 'exchange'
> pali (Vb) > panali (n) 'anchor(age)
> hukum (vb.) > hunukum (n) 'judge(ment)' etc.
> Wedded I guess to the Gospel truth that in synchronic analysis you
> peek at the history, many persist in claiming the infix to be -nV- (at
> they get the V-harmonizing part right), whereas the slightest knowledge of
> AN history would show that the infix is -Vn- and is the local form of the
> Object Focus *-in- seen in Philippine langs. </rant>
Hehe. Why include historical data when it's so much easier to limit
yourself to a bit of introspective mysticism? Sometimes we can be happy if
they even use synchronic data from actual native speakers.
Clearly, a more broadly-based model of AN languages will be simpler if
these infixes are treated as -Vn- plus the new V-harmonization pattern.