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Re: not un-/anti-passive

From:Ph. D. <phil@...>
Date:Thursday, June 19, 2008, 18:24
Eldin Raigmore wrote:
> > Josh; I'd never heard of the "circumstantial > voice" before! Does it resemble any applicative > "voices"? How is it different? Is there an online > reference to how Malagasay uses it?
It's hard to find much info about Malagasy, but it seems to have three voices: active, passive, and circumstantial (which I personally refer to as the oblique). Something like this: Active: Sarah washed the clothes with the soap. Passive: The clothes were washed by Sarah with the soap. Circum: The soap washed-with by Sarah the clothes. This raises an oblique argument to a subject which is needed because in Malagasy the headword of a relative clause must be the subject in that clause. "I bought the soap, washed-with-which by Sarah the clothes." I believe Tagalog works like this, too, but it has a couple more "voices" like locative and benefactive, perhaps. This seems to be a better approach to analyzing "trigger" languages than "triggers." --Ph. D.


Mark J. Reed <markjreed@...>
Eric Christopherson <rakko@...>