Re: not un-/anti-passive
|From:||Ph. D. <phil@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, June 19, 2008, 18:24|
Eldin Raigmore wrote:
> Josh; I'd never heard of the "circumstantial
> voice" before! Does it resemble any applicative
> "voices"? How is it different? Is there an online
> reference to how Malagasay uses it?
It's hard to find much info about Malagasy, but it
seems to have three voices: active, passive, and
circumstantial (which I personally refer to as the
oblique). Something like this:
Active: Sarah washed the clothes with the soap.
Passive: The clothes were washed by Sarah with
Circum: The soap washed-with by Sarah the clothes.
This raises an oblique argument to a subject which
is needed because in Malagasy the headword of a
relative clause must be the subject in that clause.
"I bought the soap, washed-with-which by Sarah
I believe Tagalog works like this, too, but it has a
couple more "voices" like locative and benefactive,
perhaps. This seems to be a better approach to
analyzing "trigger" languages than "triggers."