Re: Re : Re: Different words for one thing
|From:||Matt Pearson <jmpearson@...>|
|Date:||Monday, October 18, 1999, 22:09|
>> Tokana makes a distinction that's a *bit* like this: _lom_ means
>> "bottom" in the sense of the underside of something, while _luma_
>> means bottom of an interior space, such as the floor of a room
>> or cave, the inside bottom of a box, the bed of a stream, or the
>> bottom of the ocean.
>japanese does too :
>ura = "other face behind"
>soko = bottom (of sea, botle, bag)
>and i don't feel there is any link between the two of them...
>except when i speak english.
>so what makes english and Tokana unique to me is their common derivation
>between 2 very different items. ;-)
It's not entirely clear that _lom_ and _luma_ are related. If they are
related, it's not by any regular derivational rule. And if you look at other
similar pairs, the words are clearly unrelated:
pama = "the top (dorsal surface) of an object"
lonkasu = "the top of an enclosed space"
The former word would be used for the surface of a table, the top of one's
head, etc.. The latter word would be used for the ceiling of a room, the
roof of one's mouth, the canopy of a forest (as seen from below), etc..