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Borrowing (Was Re: Re(2): Marmite and other "unique" foods)

From:Paul Bennett <paul.bennett@...>
Date:Monday, October 4, 1999, 11:05
Barry writes:
How do you all incorporate foreign words into your conlangs? Are they just changed to fit the phonology, or do you do something special to the word to mark it as foreign (especially when the word matches a words already in your language)? <<<<<< Phew, what a question, and one that has been much on my mind recently. Wenetaic is supposed to be a believable con(nat)lang, so I try and figure out when in conhistory the word was borrowed, mangle it to fit the phonology at that stage of the lang, and then apply the remaining sound changes to make it "modern". At this stage, I'm doing this more "by ear" than by any hard and fast rules, but I'm shaping and hardening rules as I go. You can differentiate between a later and older borrowing by (eg) seeing that: In Earlier borrowings, (p, ph, f) -> /p/ and (b, bh, v) -> /ph/, whereas In Later borrowings, (p, b) -> /p/, (ph, bh) -> /ph/, and (v, f) -> /w/ Likewise for other consonants. There are more complex rules than these at work in certain ill-defined contexts, more research is required. Not too inspiring, but HTH... Pb ************************************************************* This email and any files transmitted with it are confidential and intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. If you have received this email in error please notify the sender. This footnote also confirms that this email message has been scanned for the presence of computer viruses. *************************************************************