R: Re: Comments required ... please : )
|Date:||Saturday, June 24, 2000, 19:14|
Nik asked for something more... here's it.
Nouns are inflected for two numbers (singular and plural), and six cases
(ergative, absolutive, dative, genitive, locative and allative); there is no
gender. Nouns are listed in dictionaries in their singular absolutive form,
which ends with a short vowel. Each ending has a different declension
pattern, thus we have four declensions: a, e, i, u (-o nouns merged with -u
even before classical Suimeni period)
We must distinguish two functions of the adjective: predicative and
attributive. Predicative adjectives are always followed one of the inflected
voices of -yeo, to be. Attributive adjectives usually end in -i, and decline
as nouns. There is not great difference between nouns and adjectives.
Comparative and superlative: our-
The comparative and superlative constructions require in Vaiysi the use of a
proclitic augmentative particle, our-, fixed immediately before the
adjective. In the comparative constructions, the second term is introduced
by the preposition oulis, which means 'in front of / in relation with' The
superlative construction works the same as the comparative, but the
adjective is not followed by a second term, so the augmentative takes an
Verbs are inflected by tense, person, number and voice. Vaiysi verb
conjugation has five tenses: present, past, future, anterior and posterior.
There is also an imperative, which is not properly an independent mood, but
is directly derived from Suimeni volitional future. There are three persons
(I - thou - he/she/it) and two numbers (singular and plural). Anterior and
posterior are not properly tenses, but aspects which are used to express a
perfective or an imminent action related to a principal verb. Vaiysi has an
antipassive voice, that allows to put the subject of a transitive verb in
the absolutive case, and its object, if required, in the dative case. Verbs
are listed in dictionaries in their third singular person of the present
tense, which is unmarked by personal endings, and usually ends in -o or -eo.
The anterior tense refers to things that happened before other certain
events which can take place in the present, in the past or in the future. It
is an aspect used to express perfective actions related to a principal verb.
The anterior tense refers to things that happened after other certain events
which can take place in the present, in the past or in the future. It works
as an aspect, as the anterior tense does, but it is used to express imminent
actions related to a principal verb.
Here's another feature I like very much.
The verb 'to be'
The verb 'to be' has a rather particular construction: the copula -yeo is
directly fixed after the noun or the adjective it is related to. In Suimeni
it was a completely independent verb (ea), but time over time its position
in the sentence became fixed after the nominal argument, until it became a
part of it. It is important to notice that adjectives are not treated as
verbs, as many languages do: they are an independent part of the speech,
which carries a verbal particle if in predicative function. Indeed this
particle is not a feature only of adjectives, but even of nouns.
talo = house; syali = little
talo salyeo the house is little
talo saleiy the house was little
talo saloun(i) the house will be little
talo syalero the house has/had/will have been little
talo saliye the house is/was/will be going to be little
Liranyeo he is a singer
Many parts are to be completed, expecially examples.
> Mangiat wrote:
> > Vaiysi has inherited from Suimeni, its mother tounge
> Just a little correction - the term in English is "ancestral language",
> "mother tongue/language" refers to the language one grew up with.
> > the English one. Vaiysi has five tenses: present, past, future,
> > anterior and posterior
> What are anterior and posterior?
> > q /q/ is a glottal stop
> The phonetic symbol for glottal stop is /?/.
> > Well, Pablo proposed to call this last feature "shortening" or
> > "length dissimulation" because "vowels' reducer" sounds like a
> > shrinking machine. : ) Anyway I think this is one of the coolest
> > features of the language.
> Very interesting. I like the term "shortening".
> What aspects and voices exist? And is there any trace of gender in the
> verb inflection? What are the numbers? Is it just singular/plural, or
> is it singular/dual/plural, or what?
> "If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men
> believe and adore, and preserve for many generations the remembrance of
> the city of God!" - Ralph Waldo Emerson
> "Glassín wafilái pigasyúv táv pifyániivav nadusakyáavav sussyáiyatantu
> wawailáv ku suslawayástantu ku usfunufilpyasváditanva wafpatilikániv
> wafluwáiv suttakíi wakinakatáli tiDikáufli!" - nLáf mÁldu nÍmasun
> ICQ: 18656696
> AIM Screen-Name: NikTailor