THEORY: NATLANGS: Pro-Forms
|From:||Eldin Raigmore <eldin_raigmore@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, May 24, 2006, 15:15|
Various content-full words or phrases can be represented in various
languages by "pro-forms".
The most famous ones, of course, are pronouns, which can stand for full
noun phrases. Greenberg has a universal that states that every language
Probably the second most famous are "pro-verbs" (not the official term).
"Correct" Modern English has "do" as the pro-form verb; several related
languages use related words.
"Not-so-correct" "very-Modern" English uses "go" as a pro-form verb.
Several languages use a verb whose other meaning is "say" as a pro-form for
The Wikipedia article also mentions "pro-sentences".
Here're my questions, then;
1) What other "parts of speech" have pro-forms in various natlangs?
2) Does any natlang have one or more pro-adposition(s)?
3) Does any natlang have one or more pro-conjunction(s)?
4) Does any natlang have one or more pro-interjection(s)?
4a) Does that question even make sense?
5) Does any natlang have one or more pro-pronoun(s)?
5a) Wouldn't that be gilding the lily and carrying coal to Newcastle?
6) Does any natlang have one or more pro-adjective(s)?
7) Does any natlang have one or more pro-adverb(s)?
8) What other lexically content-full meanings are there of verbs which also
have a grammatical use as pro-verbs, in various natlangs?
9) ObConLang: What conlangs have pro-forms other than pronouns, "pro-
verbs", and "pro-sentences"? And what are those pro-forms?
9e') Why, for goodness's sake?
9f') Really? How do you use them?
10) ObConLang: What conlangs have pro-form verbs? Do these verbs also have
lexically content-full uses? Please, describe and explain.
11) ObConLang: What conlangs have "pro-sentences"? Is there anything
noteworthy or remarkable about one of these you think I or someone else on
this list would like you to point out?
12) Is there anything noteworthy or remarkable about some natlangs' "pro-
sentences", you think I or someone else on this list would like you to