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Re: Chain shifts & transformed u's, was: Blandness

From:Vasiliy Chernov <bc_@...>
Date:Thursday, April 19, 2001, 10:55
On Mon, 16 Apr 2001 11:54:38 -0600, dirk elzinga
<dirk.elzinga@...> wrote:

>Germanic */u:/ was fronted to /y:/ in Old Franconian during the >preliterary period. Since the same change occurred in the Vulgar >Latin of Gaul, it is thought that the change is due to a Celtic >substrate. (/y:/ in turn was diphthongized except before /r/, >/w/, and word-finally.) > >Modern Dutch /u:/, orth {oe} is from Germanic */o:/. The shift >to /u:/ was possible since */u:/ had previously shifted to /y:/.
In fact, it didn't need to wait: it seems that literary Dutch (like literary German) descends from a Frankonian dialect and had /o:/ > /uo/. (BTW, this may be what the orthographical {oe} used to stand for.) Quite probable, since the symmetrical /ie/ did exist. Basilius