'and' clitic in Latin (-que) and Kalaallisut (-lu)
|From:||Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, April 14, 2004, 16:17|
I have a question regarding Latin in particular, and a request for
comments on coordination clitics in general:
I recently found it very interesting how Kalaallisut added clitics to
phrases: the clitic '-lu' expressing 'and' is suffixed to the first
word, however long that is (and it can be very long in Kalaallisut),
of the next, connected phrase.
Without knowing this, I intuitively added the corresponding suffix in
S7 to the end of the *head* of the next phrase, because I thought it
was most natural to
a) prefix the clitic to the first word of the next phrase
[A1 A_HEAD A2] [and-B1 B_HEAD B2]
b) suffix the clitic to the last word of the preceding phrase
[A1 A_HEAD A2-and] [B1 B_HEAD B2]
c) suffix it to the head of one of the two phrases
[A1 A_HEAD A2] [B1 B_HEAD-and B2]
I found it very unusual to
d) suffix it to the first word of the next phrase
[A1 A_HEAD A2] [B1-and B_HEAD B2]
I did not want to have prefixes, so b), c) and d) were possible. I
did not want it in the previous sentence, so c) and d) were possible.
I judged d) to be very, very constructed and unnatural, so I did c).
So I found the Kalaallisut way very, very constructed. I wasn't sure
about Latin, however, but suspected it attaches the word to the head.
It is not easy to judge for me, since I think
noun + adjective/genitive/participle is always head-first, so it
meets c) and d) at the same time. What about clauses? Can they be
combined with -que? Or only 'et'. Which of the following sentences
are correct in Latin:
Brutus venit Caesarque vincit.
Brutus venit Caesar vincitque.
Or is it only possibly if the head is first:
Brutus venit vincitque Caesar.
Or maybe only:
Brutus venit et Caesar vincit.
------------------------------ Dr. Henrik Theiling -------------
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