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Re: LW again -- Noun and verb

From:Thomas R. Wier <trwier@...>
Date:Tuesday, August 27, 2002, 18:31
Quoting Mau Rauszer <maurauser@...>:

> Example: duat --- darkness > Singular Dual Plural > Fem Male Fem Male Fem Male > Nom. duat dwat duati dwati duatu dwatu > Acc. duatan dwatam duatin dwatim duatun dwatum > Gen. duatar dwatal duatir dwatil duatur dwatul > Loc. duatad dwatab duatid dwatib duatud dwatub > Soc. duatas dwataw duatis dwatiw duatus dwatuw > Dat. duataq dwatap duatiq dwatip duatuq dwatup > Abl. duatag dwatab duatig dwatib duatug dwatub > +Voc. duáte dwáte duátie dwátie duátwe dwátwe > > In darkness -- duatadit dwatabit > To darkness -- duatadwo dwatabwo > From darkness -- duatadil dwatadil
Do all nouns have male and female forms? If so, why? One would think that this is more a property of adjectives agreeing in gender with a noun.
> LW verbs have three persons and numbers.
Is possession on nouns marked on the possessor or the possessum? If the possessum, do the verbal endings have any relationship to the possessive endings (in many languages they do).
> Tenses : historical past - past perfect - past - present - future - future > perfect.
Is the future perfect considered a tense for mophological reasons?
> Aspects: Habitual - Continous
These aspects usually pattern together in languages. A more common split is perfective / imperfective.
> Object: Intransitive and transitive. > Voice*: Active and passive. > Certainty*: supposation - hearsay - experience.
To clarify: is "object" an agreement marker for transitivity, or the actual marker of direct or indirect objects? And are the markers for voice and evidentiality exclusive with object marking? (If so, this is somewhat similar to Phaleran: transitivity marking is dropped when a valence changing marker is added, with the exception of causatives.)
> Voice: Passive: -lu. Used when the action happens to the subject.
Is there an antipassive? How about an instrumental-focuser? ========================================================================= Thomas Wier Dept. of Linguistics "Nihil magis praestandum est quam ne pecorum ritu University of Chicago sequamur antecedentium gregem, pergentes non qua 1010 E. 59th Street eundum est, sed qua itur." -- Seneca Chicago, IL 60637