Re: Comparison of philosophical languages
|From:||H. S. Teoh <hsteoh@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, January 23, 2003, 2:27|
On Thu, Jan 23, 2003 at 01:49:51AM -0000, Bryan Maloney <slimehoo@...> wrote:
> --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, Andrew Nowicki <andrew@M...> wrote:
> > "not" and "opposite" are redundant.
> Redundant with what? Certainly not each other. It is possible for
> something to not be something without being its opposite.
Ebisedian makes a distinction between the two. There are two different
roots for negation: my- indicates absence or "it is not the case that".
For example, my'- is the prefix used for the nullar number of nouns:
jui' a ball
my'jui no ball
The adverbial particle my'e means "it is not the case that ...".
But the other root, khe-, indicates opposition. It goes beyond a passive
absence, but indicates an active opposition. For example, _t3mi'_ is
"word", and _my't3mi_ means "no word". But _khe't3mi_ means "untruth";
i.e., it is the anti-word, that which is against the true word. A cognate
di-position is _okhe'o_, meaning "opposite to". For example:
ena'rai okhe'o eTi'm3ni
"Narai and Timeni are in opposition." (Narai and Timeni are proper
Further distinction may be seen in the words:
khei' opposition, contrariness
myy'i absence, non-existence
The prefix _ji'_ means "yes", "affirmative", "it is so". So, for the
mathematically-minded, you may say the Ebisedian _ji'_ is 1, _my'_ is 0,
and _khe_ is -1.
> Is yellow the opposite of red? Is blue? Is any color not red
> automatically the opposite?
> Does red even have a universal opposite?[snip]
Yes! To a Bisedi, the opposite of red (ki') is obviously aquamarine
If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one? -- Abraham Lincoln