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Re: Comparison of philosophical languages

From:H. S. Teoh <hsteoh@...>
Date:Thursday, January 23, 2003, 2:27
On Thu, Jan 23, 2003 at 01:49:51AM -0000, Bryan Maloney <slimehoo@...> wrote:
> --- In, Andrew Nowicki <andrew@M...> wrote: > > > "not" and "opposite" are redundant. > > Redundant with what? Certainly not each other. It is possible for > something to not be something without being its opposite.
Ebisedian makes a distinction between the two. There are two different roots for negation: my- indicates absence or "it is not the case that". For example, my'- is the prefix used for the nullar number of nouns: jui' a ball my'jui no ball The adverbial particle my'e means "it is not the case that ...". But the other root, khe-, indicates opposition. It goes beyond a passive absence, but indicates an active opposition. For example, _t3mi'_ is "word", and _my't3mi_ means "no word". But _khe't3mi_ means "untruth"; i.e., it is the anti-word, that which is against the true word. A cognate di-position is _okhe'o_, meaning "opposite to". For example: ena'rai okhe'o eTi'm3ni "Narai and Timeni are in opposition." (Narai and Timeni are proper names.) Further distinction may be seen in the words: khei' opposition, contrariness myy'i absence, non-existence The prefix _ji'_ means "yes", "affirmative", "it is so". So, for the mathematically-minded, you may say the Ebisedian _ji'_ is 1, _my'_ is 0, and _khe_ is -1.
> Is yellow the opposite of red? Is blue? Is any color not red > automatically the opposite?
> Does red even have a universal opposite?
[snip] Yes! To a Bisedi, the opposite of red (ki') is obviously aquamarine (`omei')! ;-) T -- If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one? -- Abraham Lincoln