Lahabic: Stative and Eventive Prefixes
|From:||Anthony M. Miles <theophilus88@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, September 26, 2000, 16:08|
Lahabic has two classes of prefixes (prepositions plus some other forms),
stative and eventive. Stative prefixes indicate state and govern locative
and dative, while eventive prefixes indicate motion and govern accusative
There are 33 prefixes in all, which is a very useful feature for deriving
Prep Meaning Case
gwim- with loc
tem- before (temporal) loc
to'g- after (temporal) loc
dom- in front of (locative)loc
tyo' behind (locative) loc
thain- during (temporal) loc
dhoin- between (locative) loc
boid- above loc
dyin- around loc
ho'l- in(side) loc
heud- on loc
ti'z- under dat
zab- without dat
kwi'- beside dat
gwith- near dat
dyer- far from dat
ba'- locative for body partNA
ya- towards acc
hu'l- into acc
houd- onto acc
a(n)- up acc (from syllabic n)
na- through acc
kyel- not NA
dho- again,back NA
ned- and,also NA
sel- but NA
no'd- because NA
gheum- away from gen
tol- out of gen
bhe'g- under gen
lan- down gen
do'r- concerning gen
li- by means of gen
Not only may these prefixes be used individually, but they may also be used
in conjunction with one another. For example,
Yaiyikeima'z ya gwounato'r. I approach the cave.
Hu'liyikeima'z hu'l gwounato'r. I enter the cave.
Gheumiyikeima'z gheum gwounabwoz. I leave the cave.
Naiyikeima'z na gwounato'r. I go through the cave.
Bhe'ghiyikeima'z bhe'g gwounabwoz. I go under the (chamber of) the cave.
Kwi'iyikeima'z kwi' gwounabwo. I go near the cave.
Yauliyikeima'z yaul gwounato'r. I approach and enter the cave.
Yakwi'iyikeima'z yakwi' gwounabwo. I approach the cave, but stop near it.
Tolgheumiyikeima'z ya gwounato'r. I leave the cave and go far away.
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