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Lahabic: Stative and Eventive Prefixes

From:Anthony M. Miles <theophilus88@...>
Date:Tuesday, September 26, 2000, 16:08
Lahabic has two classes of prefixes (prepositions plus some other forms),
stative and eventive. Stative prefixes indicate state and govern locative
and dative, while eventive prefixes indicate motion and govern accusative
and genitive.
There are 33 prefixes in all, which is a very useful feature for deriving
Prep       Meaning               Case
gwim-      with                  loc
tem-       before (temporal)     loc
to'g-      after (temporal)      loc
dom-       in front of (locative)loc
tyo'       behind (locative)     loc
thain-     during (temporal)     loc
dhoin-     between (locative)    loc
boid-      above                 loc
dyin-      around                loc
ho'l-      in(side)              loc
heud-      on                    loc
ti'z-      under                 dat
zab-       without               dat
kwi'-      beside                dat
gwith-     near                  dat
dyer-      far from              dat
ba'-       locative for body partNA
ya-        towards               acc
hu'l-      into                  acc
houd-      onto                  acc
a(n)-      up                    acc (from syllabic n)
na-        through               acc
kyel-      not                   NA
dho-       again,back            NA
ned-       and,also              NA
sel-       but                   NA
no'd-      because               NA
gheum-     away from             gen
tol-       out of                gen
bhe'g-     under                 gen
lan-       down                  gen
do'r-      concerning            gen
li-        by means of           gen
Not only may these prefixes be used individually, but they may also be used
in conjunction with one another. For example,
Yaiyikeima'z ya gwounato'r. I approach the cave.
Hu'liyikeima'z hu'l gwounato'r. I enter the cave.
Gheumiyikeima'z gheum gwounabwoz. I leave the cave.
Naiyikeima'z na gwounato'r. I go through the cave.
Bhe'ghiyikeima'z bhe'g gwounabwoz. I go under the (chamber of) the cave.
Kwi'iyikeima'z kwi' gwounabwo. I go near the cave.
Yauliyikeima'z yaul gwounato'r. I approach and enter the cave.
Yakwi'iyikeima'z yakwi' gwounabwo. I approach the cave, but stop near it.

Tolgheumiyikeima'z ya gwounato'r. I leave the cave and go far away.
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