|From:||Remi Villatel <maxilys@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, December 30, 2004, 2:44|
# 1 wrote:
> Someone has a conlang concept without "verb-noun" division????
Sylvia will certainly come and talk to you about Kélen, somebody will of
course mention All-Noun, and I can't help it but I'll talk about
Shaquelingua, my alien conlang.
Let's try to make it simple.
Shaquelingua has no verb. It uses instead what I call "the principle of
flux". The usual grammatical entities (Subject, Object, Verb, Indirect
Object) are replaced by semantical groups which are ruled by a declension
(Transmitter, Flux, Initiator, Receiver, Referential) and bound together in
a clause by a descriptor of flux (either a kind of adjective or a
postposition). The descriptor of flux determines the semantical groups (i.e.
the declensions) you must use to build your clause.
There are 3 main kinds of flux:
Acquisitive = The Initiator acquires a Flux coming from a Transmitter.
Equative = The Initiator equals a Flux.
Dotative = The Initiator gives a Flux to a Receiver.
Of course, "to acquire", "to be equal to" and "to give" are purely
metaphorical concepts; they'll be translated according to context. The
descriptor of flux also defines the type of the flux: object vs. quality and
immaterial vs. physical... and some other subtleties.
All things related to tense, mood, aspect are gathered in a special kind of
adjective so you can "conjugate" almost anything.
A few examples to make things clearer (I hope):
And to make the interlinear clearer:
TRS Transmitter (declension)
FLX Flux ( " )
INI Initiator ( " )
REC Receiver ( " )
EMO Emotional ( " )
IND Indicative (mode)
RTSPC Retrospective (tense)
FUT Future ( " )
DEF Definite (quantifying aspect)
INDEF Indefinite ( " )
QLT Qualitative ( " ) [Turns an object into quality]
UNQNT Unquantitative ( " ) [Unquantifiable quantity]
PROPR Proprietive ( " ) [Inalienable possession]
A bird is singing.
From a shaquean point of view, you can put a sign equal in between "bird"
and "song". That's an equative flux.
je bjó tsapai ja teo'sarøk.
INDEF:FLX EQUATIVE song INDEF:INI IND:RTSPC=bird
= **one produced song (by) one currently bird.
Here the descriptor "bjó" says that "song" is a physical object undergoing a
This song is beautiful.
Another equative flux.
be vire kupëç tva teo'tsapai.
QLT:FLX EQUATIVE beauty RESUMPTIVE:DEF:INI IND:RTSPC=song
= **Possessed-quality "beauty" (by) this current song.
Here the descriptor "vir(e)" says that "beauty" is an immaterial possessed
quality, hence "beautiful".
I will eat a fruit.
Definitively an acquisitive flux. I'm going to acquire something from the
fruit: food. And that's what I'm going to say in Shaquelingua.
jo kvelaë pjü, xe juvlo to'kja.
INDEF:TRS fruit ACQUISITIVE, UNQNT:FLX food IND:FUT=1SG
= **Taken-from a fruit, some food (by) future I.
Here the descriptor "pjü" means that "some food" is a physical object
removed from the Transmitter "a fruit". It can be shorten into:
je pjü kvelaë to'kja.
INDEF:FLX ACQUISITIVE fruit IND:FUT=1SG
= **An absorbed fruit (by) future I.
The descriptor now means that "the fruit" is a physical object integrated by
the Initiator "I", i.e. removed from an unspecified "outside" reality.
My name is Kaluura. (There's no "m" in Shaquelingua, then no "Remi".)
Bad example because you need an idiomatic expression in Shaquelingua: I
define myself as Kaluura.
fëçi gør, be KaluurA kja.
RECIPROCAL:REC DOTATIVE.POSTP, QLT:FLX Kaluura (ATEMPORAL=)1SG
= **Myself into, the-quality "Kaluura" (by) (always) I
The descriptor "gør" just means that I add the immaterial quality "Kaluura"
to the inner list of qualities of the Receiver "myself".
I hope that my explanations will give you many deep thoughts. ;-)
kajø taëtli : rjë tul, klixe kuzórhgø tó-çulike kaja te'reëçka.
1SG.PROPR:EMO hope : 2SG:REC DOTATIVE.POSTP, LINEAR:UNQNT:FLX deep
IND:RTSPC.FUT=thought 1SG.PROPR:INI IND:PAST=explanation
= **My hope: toward thee, a-huge-quantity-of deep future thought (by) my