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Re: Roumán Part II - Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns

From:Christophe Grandsire <christophe.grandsire@...>
Date:Monday, November 27, 2000, 15:07
En réponse à Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>:

> Nouns can be masculine or feminine, and fall into 3 declensional > classes. > Class I > S P > Abs -- -as > Erg -a -sa*, -ça* (ç used after n, l, r, *tsa -> ça) > Gen -ei -áu > > Class II > S P > Abs -ous --* > Erg -ou -so*, -ço* > Gen --* -óu > > Class III > S P > Abs -- -eis > Erg -e -eibos, -éis (free variation) > Gen -s -o (-s added to a word ending in -t yields -ç) >
Funny, to my untrained eyes, this looks rather Greekish :) . I like the idea of a Romance ergative language. Too bad that I didn't have it... What is the evolution? Collapsing of the nominative and accusative, through substrate influence of the native langs *there*, and maybe helped by the neuter nouns forms?
> > Pronouns > Normal set > 1st Person 2nd person > S P-incl P-excl S P > Nom go nous nousél tu ous > Acc mei nous nousaious tei ous > Gen mi nocei nost'óu ti becei > Dat mi noupf noupfáis teibei/tei oupf > The plural exclusives are derived from Latin _nos aliî_; note the > somewhat inconsistent spelling {mi} for /mi/ > > Humble set (used when speaking to a superior) > 1st Person 2nd person > S P-incl P-excl S P > Abs eic i iél eice iç > Gen us óu oumióu cis çóu > Erg ouc is ousáis eiçou is > > These are derived from _hic_ (_hi alii_ for exclusive) and _iste_ > (notice the /st/ -> /ts/ change). These pronouns take 3rd person > agreements. >
So, when talking to an equal or an inferior, you use a nom-acc system for 1st and 2nd persons? And when your talking to a superior, you use an ergative system, but with 3rd person agreement on the verb, for both 1st and 2nd persons? Very neat! :)
> > Definite Articles > > MS MP FS FP > Abs se si i, s sei > Gen si sóu sei sáu > Erg sou sis sa sis >
Do they come from ipse or from iste? Christophe.