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Re: THEORY: Temporal Auxiliaries, Aspectual Auxiliaries, Modal Auxiliaries

From:tomhchappell <tomhchappell@...>
Date:Tuesday, July 5, 2005, 22:28
Hello, Max.  Thanks for writing.

--- In, # 1 <salut_vous_autre@H...> wrote:
> Tom Chappell wrote: > > >[QUESTIONS ABOUT THE WHOLE POST IN GENERAL] > >10) Are there NatLangs with Auxiliaries that are Temporal and
Aspectual and
> >Modal? > > > > In French: > > J'aurais mangé = I'd have eaten > > The auxiliary "avoir" caries Past Tense, Perfective Aspect, and
> Mode > > > But this is the only only one I can think of since the other French
> I know carry only 2 of them with the third represented by a zero
> like "J'aurai mangé" = "I'll have eaten" that carries future tense
> perfect aspect and in which the indicative mood is implied but not
> > > - Max
Thanks for the example. (It occurred to me after my original post that the participle used in French's passe' compose' might be not an active participle but a past participle. English's participles are best distinguished as passive vs. active, but I don't know that that's true for French.) The situations in which one tense, or one aspect, or one mood, is "marked by zero", or "unmarked", makes questions such as this one yet more interesting, and answering them yet more complicated; or at least I think so. You are right, I would not be entirely satisfied by an example in which one of the "markers" "carried" on the auxiliary turned out to be a "zero"-marker. Similar questions arise when one voice, one person, one number, or one gender, is marked by "zero". Is there, cross-linguistically, a universal (perhaps statistical, and/or perhaps implicational) about which tense, aspect, mood, voice, person, number, and/or gender, is going to be marked by "0", if any is? (I know that Greenberg said, if any case was marked by "0", it would be the case that included subjects of intransitives.) ----- Tom H.C. in MI