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Re: CHAT: I'm back

From:Elliott Lash <erelion12@...>
Date:Monday, August 23, 2004, 13:50
paradigm levelling?  Do you mean analogy in some noun
or verb paradigm?

If so Silindion does this quite often.
One example which I remember off hand is the noun
  velet- "knot"

This noun is declined two ways, one way more common in
High Silindion, the other more common in Low

High Silindion:
                Singular   Plural
Nom.            velte      veletya
Acc.            velente    veletyan
Gen.            veletti    veletyari
Dat.            velentu    veletyanu
Loc.            velevi     veletyavi
Abl.            verellim   veletyalim
Instr.          velessu    veletyo
Allative        velenta    veletyanna
Commitative     velenta    veletyamma
Essive          velti      veletye
Copulative      veltar     veletyar
"Relative"      veletma    veletyatma
Adjectival      veltea     veletyea

By analogy however, stems of this type, having a stem
ending in -t in most cases, but having a nominative
ending in -e, were transferred to another declension.
This and other nouns like it became an "-AY" stem
which had nominatives in -e, and adjectivals in -ea.

Hence in Low Silindion:

          Sing.         Plural.
Nom.    velte           velti
Acc.    veltean         veltian/veltin
Gen.    velteari        veltiari/veltiri
Dat.    velteanu        veltianu/veltinu
Loc.    velteavi        veltiavi/veltivi
Abl.    veltealim       veltialim/veltilim
Instr.  velteu          veltiu
All.    velteanna       veltianna/veltinna
Comm.   velteamma       veltiamma/veltimma
Ess.    velte/velti     velti
Cop.    veltear/veltar  veltiar/veltir
"Rel."  velteatma       veltiatma/veltitma
Adj.    veltea          veltia

 the essive and copulative singular have forms
reflecting the -t stems and the -ay stems

 the plural in many cases has two forms. The left one
is the written plural and is based mostly on the
Consonant stem ending -ya appropriate to the -ay stem
declension since "y" is a consonant. However, in
spoken Low Silindion, the forms on the right are based
on the vowel stem declension, namely -e stems. In this
declension, the -e was replaced with the vowel stem
plural -i. This is based mostly on the singular
nominative which is identical with the -e ending of
the -e stem nominative singular.

Paradigm levelling has occured in this noun in many
ways: transferal from the -t stems to the -ay stems
and then to the -e stems in many cases.

Elliott lash

--- David Peterson <ThatBlueCat@...> wrote:

> Just a quick note to let everyone know I'm back. > > Ob Conlang: Anyone done any experimenting with > paradigm > leveling? I know of plenty of natlang examples but > can't recall > any conlang examples. > > -David >
> "sunly eleSkarez ygralleryf ydZZixelje je ox2mejze." > "No eternal reward will forgive us now for wasting > the dawn." > > -Jim Morrison > > >
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