Re: CHAT: I'm back
|From:||Elliott Lash <erelion12@...>|
|Date:||Monday, August 23, 2004, 13:50|
paradigm levelling? Do you mean analogy in some noun
or verb paradigm?
If so Silindion does this quite often.
One example which I remember off hand is the noun
This noun is declined two ways, one way more common in
High Silindion, the other more common in Low
Nom. velte veletya
Acc. velente veletyan
Gen. veletti veletyari
Dat. velentu veletyanu
Loc. velevi veletyavi
Abl. verellim veletyalim
Instr. velessu veletyo
Allative velenta veletyanna
Commitative velenta veletyamma
Essive velti veletye
Copulative veltar veletyar
"Relative" veletma veletyatma
Adjectival veltea veletyea
By analogy however, stems of this type, having a stem
ending in -t in most cases, but having a nominative
ending in -e, were transferred to another declension.
This and other nouns like it became an "-AY" stem
which had nominatives in -e, and adjectivals in -ea.
Hence in Low Silindion:
Nom. velte velti
Acc. veltean veltian/veltin
Gen. velteari veltiari/veltiri
Dat. velteanu veltianu/veltinu
Loc. velteavi veltiavi/veltivi
Abl. veltealim veltialim/veltilim
Instr. velteu veltiu
All. velteanna veltianna/veltinna
Comm. velteamma veltiamma/veltimma
Ess. velte/velti velti
Cop. veltear/veltar veltiar/veltir
"Rel." velteatma veltiatma/veltitma
Adj. veltea veltia
the essive and copulative singular have forms
reflecting the -t stems and the -ay stems
the plural in many cases has two forms. The left one
is the written plural and is based mostly on the
Consonant stem ending -ya appropriate to the -ay stem
declension since "y" is a consonant. However, in
spoken Low Silindion, the forms on the right are based
on the vowel stem declension, namely -e stems. In this
declension, the -e was replaced with the vowel stem
plural -i. This is based mostly on the singular
nominative which is identical with the -e ending of
the -e stem nominative singular.
Paradigm levelling has occured in this noun in many
ways: transferal from the -t stems to the -ay stems
and then to the -e stems in many cases.
--- David Peterson <ThatBlueCat@...> wrote:
> Just a quick note to let everyone know I'm back.
> Ob Conlang: Anyone done any experimenting with
> leveling? I know of plenty of natlang examples but
> can't recall
> any conlang examples.
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