Re: Some examples
|From:||DOUGLAS KOLLER <laokou@...>|
|Date:||Monday, February 21, 2000, 2:08|
From: "DOUGLAS KOLLER"
Some glosses for these:
> > Trakwa enye paarashut do la ucarf:
> > Unfortunately, his/her parachute did not open out
> Oima-u, va pévurautaps fökhöp lé swö uzh.unfortunately, the-neg parachute-nom/neg his-nom/neg past swö* open.
*(swö is an adverb used to cushion a negative statement the speaker thinks
the listener will find disagreeable or unpleasant. It translates roughly as
"I'm afraid that...", but there is a way to say "I'm afraid that..." in
Géarthnuns, and you would still put swö in the following subordinate clause
to express your empathy. With "unfortunately", swö is a must.)
> > Anot tanatwa en elar pana!:
> > The whole day s/he has played scales!
> Che dalthsev ersfanethev söb lö chök lomasemebsöch dwan.
the day-loc whole-loc he-nom perfect the-pl scale-acc/pl play
> > At-tanlir panac culayswa:
> > These birds mate in the spring.
> Chöik ömbíötsöip hengetöip lü chö stebsöv andaleth.
>the-pl bird-nom/pl this-nom/pl transc. the spring-loc mate.
> > In cos panac miupafa:
> > I breed rabbits
> Sí la chak rhegdaunsach gvaurnasakh.I-nom pres the-pl rabbit-acc/pl breed.
> > Buayare panac cesfu avisa as-sarfalwa:
> > The bull has covered 15 cows this year
> Chau ptízheters lö sauk kfézhetersauch 15erauch (mnö palaverauch) che
> hengesömöthsev saungnaz.the bull-nom perf. pl.indef.art. cow-acc/pl 15-acc/pl the this.year-loc
> > En panishwa tanlin:
> > S/he sings in tune
> San la shamörchlaneka-u mölman.
she-nom pres in.tune ("shamör" indicates that something is pleasing to the
> > Ovod anotwa clag parady' evarnaswa:
> > The road was completely blocked with stationary traffic
> Chau vörs lét chí shilsín gnöishajinalölín ersfana-u wan.
the road-nom past/passive the traffic-instrumental non-moving-instru.
> > In parant etlaw ya, ant Carc Edinonve foriswa:
> > I agree with you that we should go to Edinburgh tomorrow
> Sí la öçkek, gü trízh lí che helkedalthsev Edinbörösarsauv ba kadiz daikh
> sho, höfnazhen.
I-nom pres you-dat, "that" we-dual/nom future the tomorrow-loc Edinburgh-loc
ba go should sho*, agree.
*(sho marks the end of an embedded clause, be it a relative clause or a
clause starting with a subordinator like "gü", "because", "although", etc.)