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Re: cases

From:Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>
Date:Friday, March 5, 1999, 3:26
Mathew Willoughby wrote:
> One case that I am having the most trouble naming describes the > source, origin or composition of the action or of another noun. > It serves as the instrumental case but also has several other > functions. For example: "The ring [nom.] is (made of) gold [case x]." > Or, "Joe [nom.] is reading a book [acc.] by Sartre [case x]." > "Schmoe [nom.] is scared of dogs [case x]." I don't think that ablative > is the right word to describe this case because I have a separate case > that marks movement or action out of, away from or before something. > Here's an example: "Denise received a letter from Joe [case x] from > the mailman [ablative].
Hmm, I was about to suggest ablative. You could use _elative_ for what you're calling _ablative_. Elative refers to motion out of something. Does your Case X also cover genetive? Because if so, then that would be the best term. If not, perhaps instrumental might also be good. It's not unusual for a langauge to have a difficult case.
> What do you call a case that combines features of Comitative ("Joe [nom.] > danced with Schmoe [com.].), Inessive ("Joe [nom.] is inside the car > [ine.]."), Adessive ("Joe [nom.] is standing near the tree [ad.].") and > Locative ("Joe is in the mall [loc.].")?
I'd suggest sticking with locative.
> What do you call a case that combines features of Allative ("Joe [nom.] is going > to the office [all.].") and Illative ("Joe [nom.] is walking into the building > [ill.].")?
Allative. Allative frequently includes illative functions. Allative simply indicates motion toward, not specifying whether the motion ends inside the other object.
> What do you call a case that combines features of Ablative ("Joe [nom.] > coming home from work [abl.].") and Ellative ("Joe [nom.] is walking out > of the building [ell.].")?
Ablative. -- "It's bad manners to talk about ropes in the house of a man whose father was hanged." - Irish proverb ICQ: 18656696 AIM Screen-name: NikTailor