|From:||Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>|
|Date:||Monday, October 8, 2007, 12:47|
Yesterday night, I worked through my TODO list of Terkunan and revised
it a bit. The reason for most of the changes is to minimise the
number of roots, while retaining a typically Romance look and feel.
a) I unified the demonstrative pronouns _kul_ 'this' and _kus_
'that' into only one, _kul_ 'this; that'. Further adverbs may be
used to clarify, if necessary (but due to limited lexicon, those
do not yet exist...).
This helps my German brain when translating into Terkunan...
b) I unified the relative pronoun _ki_ and the interrogative _ke_
Think English: 'that' vs. 'that'.
c) I unified the definite article _le_ and the 3rd person pronoun
_il_ because _il_ constantly triggered off problems (e.g. with
its plural, with the way contractions work, etc.etc.). The
resulting word is _le_ and the plural pronoun is _lez_ (there is
no special plural article).
Think colloquial German:
'Der Mann spinnt.' - 'The man is crazy.'
'Der spinnt.' - 'He is crazy.'
Before this change, all pronouns could be prefixed to a noun for
le kan - the dog
mi kan - my dog
tu kan - your dog
il kan - his/her dog
The last one was particularly confusing I think. Now that _il_
has become _le_, it can obviously not be prefixed anymore because
_le kan_ is already occupied. So there is now an exception that
the 3rd persion pronoun cannot be prefixed and the normal
suffixed possessive with _de_ must be used:
kan de le - his/her dog
Although an exception, is seems very reasonable to me.
d) I introduced an irregular verb form of _es_ 'to be', namely
the perfect participle _fut_ instead of the regular _esat_.
The reason for this is that I found _esat_ really ugly.
The verb _es_ is the only irregular verb and it has another
irregular form, namely the past tense, which is _fu_ instead
of _ava fut_ or even _av'esat_.
Please tell me what you think!
For more info:
Some texts are at the very end.
PS: Some features of the language that do not minimise the number of
roots don't seem to strike me as a contradiction to my goals.
Most notably, I have inclusive and exclusive 2rd person pronouns,
a 'representative' 2rd persion pronoun (check the web page) and
also honorific 3rd person pronouns. The reason I think is that I
just don't want to give up neither 'mi' nor 'noz' in the 3nd
persion and neither 'tu' nor 'voz', because they are so nicely
------------------------------ Dr. Henrik Theiling -------------
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