Re: German and English (was Re: Losing languages ...)
|From:||Elliott Lash <erelion12@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, September 24, 2003, 23:56|
This is my understanding:
Proto-Germanic German Old-English English
aw aw e:@ i:
*strawm- /Strawm/ /stre:@m/ /stri:m/
a: aj a: o:
*sta:n- /Stajn/ /sta:n/ /sto:n/
u: /aw/ /u:/ /aw/
*mu:s /maws/ /mu:s/ /maws/
--- Roger Mills <romilly@...> wrote:
> Rob Haden wrote:
> > Here's a question:
> > Does anyone know what's behind the vowel
> differences between German and
> > English cognates? For example, German "Beide" vs.
> English "both," "ueber"
> > vs. "over," etc.? I saw these words in Estel
> Telcontar's message and they
> > inspired me to ask this question.
> It's due to "Great Vowel Shifts" in both Engl. and
> German. There's probably
> a table of it somewhere; I suspect it's all rather
> Offhand, _beide-both_ looks similar to _Stein-stone_
> which IIRC comes from
> Germanic *[long a].
> I do know that Gmc *[long u] diphthongized > aw in
> both: Haus-house,
> Maus-mouse et al., but then there's the peculiar
> correspondence in--
> Germ. Straum - Du. stroom - Eng. stream
> Traum - droom - dream
> Baum - boom - beam etc.
> and I don't recall what that reflects. As you can
> see, the Germ. GVS was
> different from the Engl. GVS.
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